Charlie Chaplin

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin - better known as Charlie Chaplin - was probably born in London on April 16, 1889. He was a British actor, director, screenwriter, editor, composer, film producer and comedian.
He was on stage for the first time at the age of 5.
Chaplin is considered the first world star of cinema and is one of the most influential comedians of film history.
His most famous role is that of the "Tramps". The character he invented, with a two-finger mustache, oversized pants and shoes, tight jacket, bamboo stick in hand and undersized bowler hat on his head, with the manners and dignity of a gentleman, became a film icon.
The American Film Institute voted Chaplin ranked 10th among the greatest male American film legends.
As early as 1910 he came to the USA with a theater company and was finally signed there in 1913.
In 1914 Charile Chaplin made his directorial debut in the film Caught in the Rain in which he also played as an actor at the same time.
In 1916, Chaplin signed a contract with Mutual Films, which made him the best-paid actor.
Charlie Chaplin founded the film company United Artists together with partners in 1919, and is therefore one of the founding fathers of the so-called Hollywood dream factory .
The era of silent films in Hollywood came to an end at the end of the 1920s. His last silent film was Modern Times in 1936. This became a mega success.
October 15, 1940 saw the premiere of Chaplin's first sound film "The Great Dictator". His impassioned speech towards the end of the film is famous. An urgent appeal to the soldiers and to the whole world for democracy, peace and humanity.
In 1952 he was refused entry to the USA and settled in Switzerland.
His last work was a new composition in 1976 for his silent film drama The Nights of a Beautiful Woman from 1923.
Chaplin received numerous awards. In 1929 and 1972 he received an honorary Oscar for his work. His work has also been nominated for an Oscar five times. In 1973, Chaplin received the Oscar for the best score for the film (Limelight).
At the Oscar ceremony for the honorary Oscar in 1972, he received a twelve-minute applause from the audience, a record in Oscar history.

Charlie Chaplin died on December 25, 1977 at the age of 88 in his home in Switzerland.